The advantages of exporting are: Other activities include country and market segment concentration - typical of Coca Cola or Gerber baby foods, and finally country and segment diversification.
In Zimbabwe, United Bottlers have the licence to make Coke. The tendency may be not to obtain as much detailed marketing information as compared to manufacturing in marketing country; however, this does not negate the need for a detailed marketing strategy.
They can also become the "fiefdoms" of vested interests and become political in nature. Likewise, a failure in a joint venture results in all participating companies realizing their portion of the losses.
Physical distance, language barriers, logistics costs and risk limit the direct monitoring of trade partners. For example, in the exporting of African horticultural products, the agents and Dutch flower auctions are in a position to dictate to producers.
A joint venture is a strategic alliance between two or more individuals or entities to engage in a specific project or undertaking. Licensing gives the following advantages: The performance of one contract is not contingent on the other although the seller is in effect accepting products and services from the importing country in partial or total settlement for his exports.
It takes some time and effort to build a new market presence, especially in mature markets and where your business may have little knowledge of the local market. Instead, unequal distribution of work and resources can lead to conflicts among participating companiesand result in a lower success rate for the joint venture.
Compensation buy-backs is where the supplier agrees to take the output of the facility over a specified period of time or to a specified volume as payment. Barter is a direct exchange of goods and services between two parties. For example, if volumes are expected to be low initially, then setting up your own manufacturing facility would not be appropriate.
While a subsidiary has the right to develop its own set of business practices, the truth is that your parent company will always have significant influence over the principles, vision, and tactics that govern the subsidiary. This has often led to a "rebellion" against the operations of multinationals, often unfounded.
Trading specialists have also initiated the practice of buying clearing dollars at a discount for the purpose of using them to purchase saleable products. This is called a switch deal. According to Collett4 exporting requires a partnership between exporter, importer, government and transport. Zimfreeze, Zimbabwe is experiencing such problems.
Licensing involves little expense and involvement. There are a number of ways to enter a foreign market.
This is true, say, in the export of cotton and other commodities. Use your manufacturing know-how.
There is a broad agreement that countertrade can take various forms of exchange like barter, counter purchase, switch trading and compensation buyback. This should help you define what you can sensibly expect. Clearing account barter, also termed clearing agreements, clearing arrangements, bilateral clearing accounts or simply bilateral clearing, is where the principle is for the trades to balance without either party having to acquire hard currency.
Countertrade can also be used to stimulate home industries or where raw materials are in short supply. Seeing how they use joint ventures could help you decide on the best approach for your business.
Another way of looking at it is by identifying three basic business strategies: Transaction costs also are a critical factor in building up a market entry strategy and can become a high barrier to international trade. Some businesses do not actively plan to become exporters, they may simply start accepting orders from overseas customers.
References 2 Shield Geo: Concerning investment and control, the question really is how far the company wishes to control its own fate. Contact ISS to find out if a Wholly Owned operation could be the right market entry method for your business.
In fact, you might decide there are better ways to achieve your business aims.A joint venture is a strategic alliance between two or more individuals or entities to engage in a specific project or undertaking.
Partnerships and joint ventures can be similar but in fact can have significantly different implications for those involved. Advantages vs. Disadvantages of Venture Capital; You might consider combining your capital with that of another company to enter new markets or fund growth.
Three energy- and technology-related There can be significant advantages in creating a joint venture, such as: Entering related businesses that previously presented high barriers.
Advantages And Disadvantages Of Using A Joint Venture To Enter Foreign Markets the various ways to enter a foreign market? Selecting the mode of entry into a particular export market is one of the crucial decisions to make.
4 Advantages and Disadvantages of Opening a Production Facility in a Foreign Country Unlike a franchise, an affiliate or a branch of an existing business, a subsidiary is a business entity that has stock shares controlled by another company, which is typically referred to as a parent company or a holding company.
12 Advantages and Disadvantages of a Joint Venture You may have a great idea looming around in your head, journal or back pocket, but you can’t make it happen because you lack the resources, capital and the market knowledge to deliver it.
Hence, an alliance provides a good solution to global marketers that lack the required distribution to get into overseas markets. A global strategic alliance is also much more flexible than an acquisition with respect to the degree of control enjoyed by each party.Download