The abstract is formatted as a single block of plain text, double-spaced and without indents. Methodological paper abstracts describe the method, features of the method, range of application of the method and behavior of the method.
Use of this site constitutes acceptance of our terms and conditions of fair use. Abstracts should be written in active voice with no personal pronouns. An abstract should leave no questions about the contents of paper it represents.
When printing this page, you must include the entire legal notice. Include the page header described above flush left with the page number flush right at the top of the page. Type your title in upper and lowercase letters centered in the upper half of the page.
Do not use titles Dr. Your abstract page should already include the page header described above. One characteristic of the APA style is the abstract, which is a summary of the contents of the document.
An effective abstract names authors, contains the definitions of any unique terms, as well as abbreviations that are not units of measurement, dates of publication in citations, and the definitions of any acronyms.
Incorrectly formatted papers may be rejected by publishers or instructors. An abstract should be as succinct as possible, and readers should not have difficulty comprehending the purpose of the research. If possible, paraphrase anything that must be included.
Your title may take up one or two lines. All text on the title page, and throughout your paper, should be double-spaced. You may also want to list keywords from your paper in your abstract. Avoid using quotations in the abstract to conserve space. However, select pages, like the Citation Style Chartstill include this information.
Abbreviations should be used whenever possible but should be defined on their first use. You should use a clear font that is highly readable. To see a side-by-side comparison of the three most widely used citation styles, including a chart of all APA citation guidelines, see the Citation Style Chart.
Reviews and theoretical articles require the topic, purpose, sources and conclusions. An abstract should be considered self-sufficient outside the context of the paper.
Your abstract should be between and words. Listing your keywords will help researchers find your work in databases. Cite this Article A tool to create a citation to reference this article Cite this Article.
Case study abstracts contain the subject of the case study and characteristics of the individual or organization presented, explanation of the problem exposed by the case study and its solution, if applicable, and questions raised for additional research.
Times New Roman font. Abstract Describing the abstract as a summary is accurate, but is also an understatement. The rules governing the APA style change regularly; it is important to consult the latest edition of the APA style guide prior to writing a paper for publication or academic purposes.
Every word counts in an abstract; all numbers should be written as digits, unless they begin sentences. Past tense should be used to describe tests and variables; present tense should be used to describe findings, conclusions and current applications.
Include a page header also known as the "running head" at the top of every page. This material may not be published, reproduced, broadcast, rewritten, or redistributed without permission. You may also include possible implications of your research and future work you see connected with your findings.
Purdue Online Writing Lab. APA recommends using 12 pt. Your abstract should contain at least your research topic, research questions, participants, methods, results, data analysis, and conclusions. The abstract should not contain any information that is not written in the paper and should not be a critique or evaluation of the research, findings or methods.On the first line of the abstract page, center the word “Abstract” (no bold, formatting, italics, underlining, or quotation marks).
Beginning with the next line, write a concise summary of. APA format is the official style of the American Psychological Association and is use in psychology writing as well as other social sciences. These style guidelines specify different aspects of a document's presentation and layout, including how pages are structured, the organization of references, and how citations are made.
The rules governing the APA style change regularly; it is important to consult the latest edition of the APA style guide prior to writing a paper for publication or academic purposes. Incorrectly formatted papers may be rejected by publishers or instructors.
Placement. The abstract acts as the second major section of the document and typically begins on the second page of the paper. It follows directly after the title page and precedes the table of contents and/or main body of the paper.
Learn how to format the abstract of your paper in APA style. For additional information about formatting the abstract in APA, see also: Formatting the Abstract Page (APA).Download